Of Gardens and Graves: Essays on Kashmir | Poems in Translation


Suvir Kaul


Paperback  9789383968039


Of Gardens and Graves examines the textures of everyday life in Kashmir after 1990, the years of pervasive militarization of the valley.



Of Gardens and Graves combines personal essays with enquiries into the pre- and post-Partition histories and political actions that underlie the present conflict.


The volume also features translations of poems written in Kashmiri in these last twenty-five years of conflict. The author argues that such creative writing is a powerful archive for our understanding of the experiences, and thus the political feelings, of Kashmiris. These poems enact for us fissures in Kashmiri lives and emphasize the effects of long-term violence and dislocation on individuals and communities. In doing so, they remind us why Kashmir remains an extraordinary challenge to the functioning of democracy in India.


Of Gardens and Graves also contains a photo-essay by the Srinagar-based journalist Javed Dar, whose photographs offer a visual counterpoint to the poems in the volume. Dar’s remarkable pictures juxtapose spectacular events and daily life, showing just how intertwined they are in Kashmir.






Essays by Suvir Kaul

Visiting Kashmir, Re-learning Kashmir
“My Paradise Is Burnin’… ”
The Witness of Poetry
Indian Empire (and the case of Kashmir)
coda: A Time Without Soldiers


Poems (with romanized Kashmiri text and English translation)


Poets: Arjan Dev ‘Majboor,’ Ghulam Hassan ‘Taskeen’, Brij Nath ‘Betaab’, Ghulam Nabi Tak ‘Naazir’, Shabir ‘Azar’, ‘Shahzadah’ Rafiq, Bashir ‘Dada’, Naji Munawar, Rukhsana Jabeen, Arshad Mushtaq, Ayesha ‘Mastoor’, Maqbool ‘Sajid’, Moti Lal ‘Saqi’, Mohiuddin ‘Massarat’, Mir Ghulam Nabi ‘Shaheen’, Jawahir Lal ‘Saroor’, Pyare ‘Hatash’, Ghulam Nabi ‘Khayal’, ‘Shahzada’ Rafiq, Rashid ‘Kanispuri’, Jawahir Lal ‘Saroor’, Fayaz Tilgami, Bashir ‘Zair’, Ghulam Hassan ‘Ghamgeen’, Kashi Nath ‘Baghwan’, Zahid Mukhtar, Som Nath Bhat ‘Veer’






Suvir Kaul is the A. M. Rosenthal Professor of English at the University of Pennsylvania. He has published three books, Eighteenth-century British Literature and Postcolonial Studies (2009), Poems of Nation, Anthems of Empire: English Verse in the Long Eighteenth Century (2001), and Thomas Gray and Literary Authority: Ideology and Poetics in Eighteenth-Century England (1992) and has edited a collection of essays entitled The Partitions of Memory: the afterlife of the division of India (2001). He has also coedited (with Ania Loomba, Antoinette Burton, Matti Bunzl and Jed Esty) an interdisciplinary volume entitled Postcolonial Studies and Beyond (2005).

Additional information


Edited by Surabhi Chopra & Prita Jha Photographs by Javed Dar

Published by

Three Essays Collective