The history of ‘actually existing’ capitalism is one of the conquest and submission of Asia, Africa and Latin America to the imperialist rule of Europe, the United States and Japan.
The twentieth century witnessed the first wave of liberation of nations of the South, and the twenty-first century will see the emergence of a second wave of emancipation of these countries, which will change the face of the world.
The simultaneous anti-imperialist dimension of the struggles in these nations will pose a challenge to capitalism. Decisive advances towards socialism in the twenty-first century will create the basis for a revival of internationalism among working classes and peoples of the world, as against the cosmopolitanism of the oligarchies who currently manage capitalist–imperialist globalization.
Samir Amin, born in 1931, is a reputed author of numerous books. He has been an active and committed intellectual associated with the liberation movements of Africa and Asia during the Bandung era (1955–80), and is currently Director of the Third World Forum and Chairperson of the World Forum for Alternatives.